Module 1: Models, methods and knowledge of care
(Keywords: person-centred approach; human-centred care; gentle care; validation; individualised care)
- Professional caregivers (initial training for students and in-service training)
- Professional carers with no previous training in caregiving, mostly migrant (initial training and in-service training)
- Family carers (initial training and in-service training)
- Volunteers (initial training and in-service training)
geriatrician, gerontologist, psychologist, social worker, sociologist and pedagogue trained in the person-centred approach, gentle care and good treatment.
Purposes and goals (knowledge, skills, attitudes):
Purpose 1: To know the different models and methods based on person centred care
- to know the principles and methods of the person-centred approach
- to know the principles and methods of “bientraitance”
- to know the principles and methods of “gentle care”
Purpose 2: To understand the normal and pathological characteristics of the aging process.
- to know how to differentiate between the major cognitive-behavioural syndromes
Purpose 3: To reflect on the professional experience of care, the relationship of care and care at home in the light of the models and methods proposed.
- to interpret the problematic behaviours of the cared-for person and translating them into needs
Purpose 4: To adopt a person centred relational approach, in a multidimensional perspective, including all basic needs.
- to observe the person as a whole, recognising their potential, preferences and interests
- to know how to deal with specific life issues
- The representations of old age and the elderly in our society (the myths of old age)
- The evolution of “care”: historical perspective and social representations
- Approaches to the care relationship
- The person-centred approach: issues and implications
- The “bientraitance”: issues and implications
- Gentle care: issues and implications
- Validation: issues and implications
the following content should be selected according to the needs of the learners
The normal and pathological aging process
- Cognitive and psychic aging.
- Normal and pathological aging.
- Successful aging.
- The evolution of aging in the future.
- Sociological and demographic data.
The consequences of aging
- The fragility of the elderly.
- The characteristics of the older person’s illnesses.
- The expression of symptoms specific to older people.
- The geriatric patient: reserve and adaptation.
- Functional autonomy and its importance.
The major cognitive behavioural syndromes
- Neuro-degenerative syndromes.
- Cognitive and associated behavioural disorders.
- The organisation of daily care and support.
- Confusional syndrome: care interventions and reassuring attitudes.
- The depressive syndrome and the suicidal risk: their particularities in the elderly.
Specific life issues
- The notions of consent and assent.
- Rights and freedoms, the trusted person, advance directives.
The grieving process, death.
Description of the training activity (methods, tools, timing, spaces):
Case studies in small and large groups.
Active pedagogy based on a given problem in small groups.
Tools: multimedia support (tools for collective writing, tools for presenting content)
Recommended number of participants: 25 max
Recommended duration: min 4- max 16 hours
Spaces: room equipped with video projector and movable chairs/online platform for online training.
Methodological suggestions for assessment (tools for initial, intermediate and final assessment if applicable):
Diagnostic assessment :
- Brain storming
Formative evaluation :
- Observation of group activities
Final assessment (of learning) :
- Questionnaire/test on theoretical elements
- Case study for the application of the theory
- Assessment questionnaire after 3 months